Meals that include avocado in place of refined carbohydrate can suppress hunger in overweight and obese people, according to a new study. Researchers from the Center for Nutrition Research at Illinois Institute of Technology also said it also helped make the meal more satisfying.
Obesity is on the rise across the globe and giving rise to serious health issues. However, the study's findings, published in the journal Nutrients, suggest small changes to one's diet can significantly help control cravings and improve health.
For the study, the team wanted to investigate the physiological effects of consuming Hass avocados. The team examined how it impacted participants for almost six hours after consuming a meal with avocado. 31 overweight and obese adults participated in the study. They were picked at random to take part in a clinical trial.
The results also showed it had little impact on insulin and blood glucose, which helped reduce the risk of diabetes and heart disease. The findings back up evidence that adding healthy fats and fibres into a diet can be extremely beneficial.
"For years, fats have been targeted as the main cause of obesity, and now carbohydrates have come under scrutiny for their role in appetite regulation and weight control," Britt Burton-Freeman, director of the Center for Nutrition Research at Illinois Tech, told a news portal.
Adding, "There is no 'one size fits all' solution when it comes to optimal meal composition for managing appetite. However, understanding the relationship between food chemistry and its physiological effects in different populations can reveal opportunities for addressing appetite control and reducing rates of obesity, putting us a step closer to personalized dietary recommendations."
Previous research, conducted by a team from Tufts University, has also found avocados can help boost memory. "The study suggests that the monounsaturated fats, fibre, lutein and other bioactives make avocados particularly effective at enriching neural lutein levels, which may provide benefits for not only eye health, but for brain health," study author Elizabeth Johnson, from Tufts University, told a news portal.
Adding, "The results of this new research reveal that lutein levels in the eye more than doubled in subjects that consumed fresh avocados, compared to a supplement,"
The findings of this study were originally published in the journal Nutrients.
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