The ways to reduce the risk of dementia is by consuming fresh vegetables, fruits, nuts and take a 25-minute walk daily, according to new guidelines. You should also aim to drink in moderation, consume a Mediterranean diet and keep the brain active. The World Health Organisation (WHO) says these simple tips could help you avoid Alzheimer’s, a common cause of dementia.
"In the next 30 years, the number of people with dementia is expected to triple. We need to do everything we can to reduce our risk of dementia," Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus, director-general of the WHO, told a news portal. Adding, "The scientific evidence gathered for these guidelines confirm what we have suspected for some time: that what is good for our heart is also good for our brain."
An international group of experts say prevention is the best way to help people live their best lives as there currently is no cure for dementia. However, the guidance rules state there is sufficient evidence to show an active social life can also be extremely beneficial. Previous research has found loneliness can increase the risk of dementia. Researchers believe this feeling can either trigger inflammation in the brain or cause the person to lead an unhealthy lifestyle.
Experts say close to a third of dementia cases are preventable and the WHO states it doesn't have to be a part of getting older. The guidelines also recommend doing a minimum of two hours of moderate physical activity per week and to avoid high blood pressure and diabetes. A diet that is rich in fruit and vegetables and low in fat and sugar has also been found to reduce the risk of dementia. Even though brain-training exercises have a minor positive effect, the guidelines suggest trying it. The WHO warns drinking alcohol in “hazardous or harmful” amounts should reduce their intake as heavy drinking can harm the brain.
"This valuable resource, which has been reviewed and developed by leading experts based on high-quality evidence, represents the best possible source of information. We now need to see these recommendations shared through NHS health checks in midlife," Carol Routledge, of Alzheimer’s Research UK, told a news portal.