Researchers say diabetes can have a major affect on the blood vessels in the retina, a light-sensitive tissue, that lines the back of the eye.High blood pressure due to type 2 diabetes can cause severe damage to those blood cells and impact a person's eyesight.
“Diabetic eye disease comprises a group of eye conditions that affect people with diabetes. “These conditions include diabetic retinopathy, diabetic macular edema, cataract, and glaucoma," UK's National Eye Institute stated according to a news portal. Adding, “All forms of diabetic eye disease have the potential to cause severe vision loss and blindness."
National Eye Institute further explained: "Diabetic retinopathy involves changes to retinal blood vessels that can cause them to bleed or leak fluid, distorting vision."
What's more, diabetic retinopathy can go unnoticed as the condition progresses and there are often no signs of the condition in the early stages. However, if there is bleeding from abnormal retinal blood vessels you may notice “floating” spots.If the issue is not treated as soon as possible, the patient may be at risk of vision loss permanently. Blurry vision is also a sign of type 2 diabetes in some cases.
Those who have glaucoma may also be suffering from type 2 diabetes. When the fluid in the eye is unable to drain it can cause pressure, which can alter a person's vision.
Treatment options include medication, eye drops, surgery and laser treatments. It is important to seek professional advice if you are experiencing any of these symptoms. "The eye screening test can find problems before they affect your sight. Pictures are taken of the back of your eyes to check for any changes," according to the NHS.
Learning to manage your blood sugar, blood pressure, and cholesterol can help reduce your risk of the disease, as well as improve symptoms of the condition. Type 2 diabetes is becoming a growing epidemic in recent years and could potentially become a lifelong condition that can impact the quality of a patients life.