Consuming a healthy diet rich in fibre during pregnancy may promote the well being of both the mother and child, and reduce the risk of preeclampsia, according to a study.
Plant-based fibre is broken down in the gut by bacteria into factors that influence the immune system, said researchers from the University of Sydney in Australia.
The researchers investigated the role of these metabolic products of gut bacteria during pregnancy.
A new study said consuming a diet rich in fibre during the time pregnancy is beneficial to the mother and baby, by reducing the risk of preeclampsia and promoting their helath’s well ebing.
The researchers from the University of Sydney in Australia said that plant-based fibre is broken down by bacteria that further boosts the immune system.
The research team also studied about the role of these metabolic products of gut bacteria during pregnancy. The team made sure to node even the simplest recommendation to to 'eat real food, mostly plants, and not too much' might be the most effective primary prevention strategy for some of the most serious conditions of our time.
"The mother's gut bacteria and diet appear to be crucial to promoting a healthy pregnancy," said Professor Ralph Nanan, from the University of Sydney.
Published in the journal, Nature Communications, the study also added that they found in humans reduced levels of acetate, which is mainly produced by fibre fermentation in the gut, is associated with the common and serious pregnancy-related condition preeclampsia.
Preeclampsia occurs in up to 10 per cent of pregnancies and is characterised by high blood pressure, protein in the urine and severe swelling in the mother.
It also interferes with the child's immune development whilst in the womb, with some evidence suggesting a link to higher rates of allergies and autoimmune disease later in life.
The study found that preeclampsia affected the development of an important foetal immune organ, the thymus, which sits just behind the breastbone.